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Top Pros and Cons of Solar Energy in 2024

Updated: Apr 17

Diagram illustrating the benefits and drawbacks of solar energy in 2024.

If you're sitting on the fence about solar, consider this: solar installations surged last year by a staggering 51%, with residential solar alone adding 6.8 GWdc​ according to SEIA​.. It's clear that many are making the leap, not just for the environmental benefits, but for the substantial savings on energy bills. 

With the costs of solar systems continuing to drop and their efficiency improving, going solar is  becoming a no-brainer for homeowners. This shift is crucial as solar power now lights up over 27 million homes nationwide, showcasing its growing role in our energy landscape. But that’s just about the sweet part, what about the not-so-sweet part. Something like the initial costs and maintenance.

Well, our comprehensive guide on the pros and cons of solar power in 2024 will help you decide if it's the right sustainable option for your home or business.

Key Takeaways

  • Falling Prices: Solar installation costs are expected to decrease due to improved supply chains and increased manufacturing efficiencies.

  • Financial Incentives: Significant savings from federal and state incentives, including a 30% Federal Solar Tax Credit available through 2032, make solar more accessible.

  • Environmental Benefits: Solar energy significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions and can be integrated with other land uses like agriculture and water bodies.

  • Technological Advancements: Innovations in solar technology, such as increased panel efficiency and longer-lasting batteries, enhance the viability of solar energy.

  • Net Metering Changes: Adjustments in net metering policies could affect the financial returns of solar investments.

  • Consumer Trends: High adoption rates and satisfaction among solar users reflect a growing preference for renewable energy.

  • ROI Period: The return on investment from solar panels typically occurs within 7 to 10 years, depending on local conditions and incentives.


Advantages of Solar Energy

Diagram illustrating the benefits and drawbacks of solar energy in 2024.

Falling Costs and Rising Incentives

2024 looks promising for those considering solar installations, as industry experts predict a decline in costs due to several factors. Firstly, the easing of global supply chain issues is expected to reduce prices. Significant investments in U.S. solar manufacturing and the benefits of economies of scale are set to drive costs down further. Additionally, innovations in software and automation are streamlining the permitting process, making solar installations quicker and less expensive​. This decrease follows a temporary spike in prices from 2020 to 2023 due to pandemic-related disruptions.

Energy Cost Stability

Solar power offers homeowners control over their electricity expenses, which is increasingly valuable as national energy costs continue to rise. By locking in a low and stable price for solar-generated electricity—typically around 8 cents per kilowatt-hour compared to the national average of 17 cents—solar users can avoid the unpredictability of utility rates. This stability not only makes financial planning easier but also shields consumers from future price increases in the energy sector.

Federal and State Incentives

The Federal Solar Tax Credit, set at 30% of the installation cost through 2032, represents a significant financial incentive for residential solar systems. This tax credit, combined with various state and local incentives, can dramatically reduce the upfront cost of going solar and accelerate the payback period for investments in solar energy.

Environmental and Land Use Benefits

Solar energy produces minimal greenhouse gas emissions compared to fossil fuels, making it a cleaner power source that contributes significantly to reducing one’s carbon footprint. Beyond its low emissions, solar energy requires no additional land when installed on rooftops and can integrate with agriculture (agrivoltaics) or water bodies (floatovoltaics) to provide additional environmental benefits like enhanced crop production and reduced water evaporation.

Increased Property Values

Installing solar panels is not just about generating electricity; it's also an investment that can increase your property's value. Studies have shown that homes with solar energy systems sell for more than homes without them. In fact, potential homebuyers are increasingly looking for homes with solar installations, recognizing the benefits of reduced energy costs. This trend makes solar upgrades a wise choice for those looking to enhance their home’s marketability.

Durability and Longevity

The durability of solar panels has improved dramatically, with manufacturers now offering extended warranties that guarantee performance for up to 30 years. These advancements mean that a typical rooftop solar installation can pay for itself within 7 to 10 years, providing free electricity for many more years while still under warranty. The extended lifespan of these systems not only improves the return on investment but also reduces the frequency and costs associated with replacements

Reliability and Independence

Diagram illustrating the benefits and drawbacks of solar energy in 2024.

Solar power provides homeowners with a reliable and independent energy source. Unlike traditional energy sources that can be prone to blackouts or fluctuations in cost due to varying oil and gas prices, solar energy offers a stable and predictable source of power. This autonomy is particularly appealing in areas affected by frequent power outages or in remote locations where energy access is limited. Furthermore, with advancements in solar technology, the efficiency and reliability of solar power continue to improve, making it a dependable choice for energy independence.

These advantages highlight why solar energy is an increasingly attractive option for many homeowners and businesses in 2024, combining financial benefits with environmental stewardship and energy independence. As solar technology continues to advance and integrate into national energy strategies, its role is expected to grow even further, offering a robust, sustainable solution for future energy needs.

Disadvantages of Solar Energy

Challenges with Net Metering Policies

One of the hurdles for solar energy adoption in 2024 revolves around the changes in net metering policies. Net metering allows solar panel owners to send excess power back to the grid in exchange for credits. However, states like California, New York, and Arizona are adjusting their policies, often reducing the benefits for solar users. For example, California's NEM 3.0 has modified how these credits are calculated, potentially reducing savings for many. As policies evolve, the predictability and attractiveness of solar investments might wane, influencing decisions to go solar.

Rising Prevalence of Solar Scams

As solar technology becomes more popular, the industry has seen an increase in fraudulent activities, often misleading consumers with false promises of savings. While this should not deter potential buyers from considering solar, it underscores the importance of choosing reputable, vetted solar installers to avoid becoming a victim of scams.

High Cost of Solar Batteries

While not essential, batteries enhance the utility of solar systems by storing energy for use during non-sunny periods. Despite their benefits, the cost of these batteries remains high, although it has been decreasing over the years. Homeowners need to weigh the cost against the benefits, especially when considering the systems' ability to offset higher energy prices during peak times.

Substantial Upfront Investment

The initial cost of installing solar panels can be steep, despite available local and federal incentives. While financing options like zero-down solar loans are available, the upfront payment can still be a barrier for many. This investment is often viewed favorably as a long-term commitment to reducing electricity costs and protecting against future rate increases, but it requires considerable initial capital.

Solar Panels and Property Mobility

Solar panels are a fixed investment and do not move with you if you decide to relocate. This permanence can complicate decisions for those who might not stay in their current homes long-term. Although solar panels can increase a home’s resale value, the return on investment may not align with short-term housing plans.

Environmental Impact of Solar Manufacturing

The production of solar panels involves materials that are not always abundant and can have significant environmental impacts during mining and manufacturing. While solar panels offer a green energy source, the manufacturing process and the challenge of recycling old panels pose environmental concerns that need ongoing attention to improve sustainability practices within the industry.

These drawbacks highlight some of the complexities and considerations that come with the decision to adopt solar energy. Potential solar users must navigate these issues while balancing the long-term benefits of renewable energy against the immediate challenges and costs.

Making an Informed Decision in 2024

Cost vs. Benefits

When considering solar energy, the financial aspect is crucial. The cost of solar installation can be significant, but the benefits—reduced energy bills and tax incentives—often tip the scales in favor of investment. The average payback period for solar panels is between 7 to 10 years, depending on local energy costs and sunlight availability. Financing options like solar loans or leases can also make solar more accessible, allowing homeowners to start saving on electricity without upfront investments. Understanding these financial dynamics helps gauge the viability and timing for solar investments.

Solar vs. Other Energy Sources

Comparing solar energy to other energy sources—both renewable like wind and non-renewable like natural gas—highlights its relative strengths and weaknesses. Solar energy, for instance, has lower operational costs and minimal environmental impact once installed. However, it requires more substantial initial investment and is dependent on weather conditions. In contrast, non-renewable energy sources often have higher ongoing costs and environmental degradation. This comparison helps consumers evaluate solar energy in the context of alternative options, aligning their energy choices with both economic and environmental goals.

Consumer Sentiments and Trends

Consumer trends in 2024 show a growing preference for renewable energy solutions, with solar energy adoption rates on the rise. Satisfaction levels among solar users remain high, primarily due to the substantial reduction in utility bills and increased energy independence. Monitoring these trends helps prospective solar users understand the broader societal shift towards renewable energy and the practical benefits experienced by current users.

Policy and Regulatory Landscape

The policy and regulatory landscape for solar energy is continually evolving. Recent developments, such as extensions of the Federal Solar Tax Credit and local incentives, significantly influence the economic landscape of solar energy. However, potential buyers should stay informed about local policy changes, such as net metering adjustments, which might impact the financial returns of solar investments. Keeping abreast of these changes is crucial for making an informed decision about when and how to invest in solar.

If you're considering solar energy, getting a detailed, personalized quote is a critical next step. A free solar quote can provide you with specific insights into the costs, savings, and suitable systems for your home or business. This personalized information can help bridge the gap between general knowledge and actionable insight, ensuring you make the best decision for your specific circumstances. Don't wait—explore how solar energy can meet your energy needs and sustainability goals today by seeking expert advice and a tailored quote.


What is the average cost of installing solar panels in 2024?

In 2024, the average cost of installing solar panels is approximately $3.42 per watt. For a typical residential system, this translates into a total cost ranging between $15,000 to $25,000 before applying any tax credits or incentives.

How long does it take to see a return on investment from solar panels?

Can solar panels entirely replace my current electricity needs?

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