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Solar Energy Basics: Harnessing The Sun’s Solar Power for Your Home

Updated: Apr 11

Solar energy basics

In This Article:

How Solar Energy Works

Types of Solar Panels: Which One is Best for You?

How Do You Install Solar Panels?

What about Maintenance and Upkeep?

Explore Your Financing Options

Are you tired of skyrocketing energy bills and want to make a change? Switching to solar energy while learning the solar energy basics might be just what you need! Not only will you save money, but you'll also be doing your part to help the environment.

In this article, we'll be diving into the basics of solar energy and why you should consider making the switch. We'll explore the benefits of solar energy, such as reducing your carbon footprint and providing a reliable source of electricity. Plus, we'll give you a breakdown of the different types of solar systems available so that you can make an informed decision.

So sit back, relax, and get ready to master the basics of solar energy. Who knows, you might even have a little fun in the process! And if you want to learn more, we've included some helpful links throughout the article for further reading.

How Solar Energy Works

If you're a homeowner considering switching to solar energy, it's important to understand how it works. Solar energy is generated from the sun's rays and is a clean and renewable source of energy.

Here's a quick breakdown of the science behind it:

  • Solar panels are made up of photovoltaic cells, which convert sunlight into direct current (DC) electricity.

  • An inverter then converts the DC electricity into alternating current (AC) electricity, which is what powers your home.

  • The electricity generated by the solar panels is sent to an electrical panel where it is distributed throughout your home.

It's a simple process, but it's important to understand the components of a solar panel system to ensure you're getting the most out of your investment. And the best part? Once your solar panel system is installed, the energy from the sun is free! Ready to dive deeper into how solar panels work? Let's move on.

Types of Solar Panels: Which One is Best for You?

Thinking of making the switch to solar? That's great! But before you start, you need to choose the right type of solar panel that suits your home and energy needs. Here's a brief overview of the different types of solar panels available to help you make an informed decision.

Monocrystalline Solar Panels

  1. These are the most efficient types of solar panels available. They are made from high-purity silicon, giving them a uniform black look. They are ideal for smaller roofs and spaces as they require less surface area to produce the same amount of electricity.


  • High efficiency

  • Long lifespan

  • Good performance in low light conditions


  • More expensive than other types

  • Prone to reduced performance in high temperatures

Polycrystalline Solar Panels

  1. These are made from multiple pieces of silicon, giving them a distinctive blue speckled look. They are less efficient than monocrystalline panels but are a more affordable option.


  • Lower cost compared to monocrystalline panels

  • Easy installation

  • Durable and long-lasting


  • Lower efficiency compared to monocrystalline panels

  • Reduced performance in low light conditions

Thin-Film Solar Panels

  1. These are made by depositing layers of photovoltaic material onto a surface, giving them a flexible and lightweight design. They are ideal for roofs that can't support the weight of traditional panels and are best suited for large areas where the surface area isn't a concern.


  • Low cost

  • Lightweight and flexible design

  • Perform better in high temperatures


  • Less efficient than monocrystalline and polycrystalline panels

  • Reduced lifespan compared to other types.

Now that you know the types, how about the installation process? Let’s move forward.

So How Do You Install Solar Panels?

Installing solar panels can seem daunting, but it's actually easier than you might think! Here's a breakdown of the steps involved: